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ECIS4500 series support E-Ring – How to configure E-Ring (Coupling)? 
 
The network topology and configuration show as below.
Coupling topology:


Caution:
Please do not connect the Ethernet cable before finishing configuration of Coupling.
 
 
Configuration:
1. Since ring protection is a media redundancy protocol (IEC 62439-2), please disable any other anti-loop protection.
1-1 Disable Spanning-Tree on all ports: (It’s enabled by default)

 
1-2 Disable Loop Protection on all ports: (It’s disabled by default)


2. Configure Coupling on all switches.
- Master of Ring (switch A):

 
- Slave of Ring (switch B):



- Slave of Ring + Backup of Ring Coupling (switch C):

 
- Slave of Ring + Primary of Ring Coupling (switch D):

Caution:
There are 2 types of Coupling ring port:
-  Primary port: primary path of ring coupling.
-  Backup port: backup path of ring coupling

 
3. Connect Ethernet cables.
Caution: backup port of coupling switch always blocked by default.  ( no link failure)
 
4. Check the Coupling status:
- Master of Ring (switch A):

 
- Slave of Ring (switch B):

 

- Slave of Ring + Backup of Ring Coupling (switch C):

 
- Slave of Ring + Primary of Ring Coupling (switch D):

 
 
The status on each switch when link fails:


- Master of Ring (switch A): No impact on switch A.

 
 
- Slave of Ring (switch B): No impact on switch B.

 
- Slave of Ring + Backup of Ring Coupling (switch C):
The state of port 3 is changed from blocking to forwarding.

 
 

- Slave of Ring + Primary of Ring Coupling (switch D): Port 3 link down.

 
 
How to configure VLAN mirroring on ECIS4500 series?
 
Scenario:

Purpose:
We want to monitor VLAN 2 traffic, which send from Client-1 to Client-2.
By using VLAN mirroring, we are able to capture VLAN 2 traffic on the Monitor PC.

 
Procedures:
Step 1.   Configure Mirroring, then select 3 in “Port to mirror to” column
              (The monitor PC is connecting to Port 3)

 
Step 2.     Use “Access Control List” to specify the VLAN ID and assign ingress port 1 to monitor VLAN 2 traffic, which send from Client-1 to Client-2.


 After saving, you can find the ACL as below:

 
 
Result:
1. Monitor PC will receive the packets, which send from Client-1 to Client-2.
ECIS4500 series support E-Ring – How to configure E-Ring (chain)?
 
The network topology and configuration show as below,
Chain topology:

Caution: Please do not connect the Ethernet cable before finishing configuration of chain.
 
Note: 
There are 3 roles of chain:
- Head: A head switch of the chain.
- Tail: A tail switch of the chain.
- Member: The other switches join the chain topology.
 
Configuration:
1. Since ring protection is a media redundancy protocol (IEC 62439-2), please disable any other anti-loop protection.
1-1 Disable Spanning-Tree on all ports: (It’s enabled by default)

 
1-2 Disable Loop Protection on all ports: (It’s disabled by default)


2. Before configuring chain, disable Ring index 1 and index 2
Then configure chain on all switches.
- Head (switch A):

 
- Member (switch B):

- Tail (switch C):

 
Caution: 
There are 3 types of ring port:
- Head Port: a ring port in head of chain switch that connects to another topology
- Tail Port: a ring port in tail of chain switch that connects to another topology
- Member port: the other ring ports participate in the chain topology.
 
3. Connect Ethernet cables.
Caution: tail port of tail switch is always blocked by default (no link failure)
 
4. Check the chain status:
- Head (switch A):


 
 
- Member (switch B):

 
- Tail (switch C):


 
The status on each switch when link fails:

 
- Head (switch A): port 2 links down.


- Member (switch B): port 1 links down.

 
- Tail (switch C): state of port 2 is changed from blocking to forwarding.

 
ECIS4500 series support E-Ring – How to configure E-Ring (balancing chain)? 
 
The network topology and configuration show as below,
Balancing chain topology:

Caution: Please do not connect the Ethernet cable before finishing configuration of balancing chain.
 
Note:
There are 4 roles of balancing chain:
- Terminal-1 / Terminal-2: The Switch connect to other topology.
- Central Block: The Switch has a central block port
- Member: The other switches joined balancing chain topology
 

 
Configuration:
1. Since ring protection is a media redundancy protocol (IEC 62439-2), please disable any other anti-loop protection.
1-1 Disable Spanning-Tree on all ports: (It’s enabled by default)

 
1-2 Disable Loop Protection on all ports: (It’s disabled by default)


2. Before configuring balancing chain, disable Ring index 1 and index 2
Then configure balancing chain on all switches.
- Terminal-1(switch A):

 
- Central Block (switch B):


 
- Member (switch C):

 
- Terminal-2(switch D):

 
Caution: 
There are 3 types of ring port:
- Terminal Port: ring ports connect between chain & other segments
- Central Block Port: a ring port in the central block of balancing chain
- Member port: the other ring port join balancing chain topology

 
3. Connect Ethernet cables.
Caution: central block port of central block switch always blocked by default. (no link failure)
 
4. Check the balancing chain status:
- Terminal-1(switch A):

 
- Central Block (switch B):

 

 
- Member (switch C):

 
- Terminal-2(switch D):

 

 
The status on each switch when link failed:
- Terminal-1(switch A): port 1 links down.

 
- Central Block (switch B): state of port 2 is changed from blocking to forwarding.

 

 
- Member (switch C): member ports still keep forwarding.

 
- Terminal-2(switch D): member ports still stay in forwarded.
How to configure MAC Based VLAN, IP Subnet Based VLAN, Protocol Based VLAN on ECIS4500 series?
 
- 1. MAC Based VLAN
Assign VLAN to interface base on client’s MAC address.
Scenario:
Client with MAC address 00-00-11-00-00-11, is assigned to VLAN 3.

 
Configuration steps:
1. Specific the MAC address of client to the VLAN 3(on port 2).


2. Allow VLAN 3 on port 2. (PVID:1 VID:1u,3t)

 
Result:
Check MAC-Based VLAN table.

Also, this MAC address is learned on VLAN3 in the MAC table if the switch receives packets from client.

 
 
- 2. IP Subnet Based VLAN
   Assign VLAN to interface base on client’s IP address/IP subnet.
Scenario:
Clients belong to IP subnet 192.168.4.0/24, are assigned to VLAN 4.

 
Configuration Steps:
1. Assign IP subnet 192.168.4.0/24 to the VLAN 4(on port 1 and 2).

 
2. Allow VLAN 4 on port 1 and 2. (PVID:1 VID:1u,4t)

 
3. Add static ARP entry for client-1 and client-2 by manual on PC.
(since ARP packet without IP header does not belong to IP packet)
  For example, in Windows OS:
  arp –s “IP address” “MAC address
 
  OR
  netsh interface ip add neighbors “name of NIC” “IP address” “MAC address
 
Command: arp –a to check the ARP table.
 
Result:
Clients belong to IP subnet 192.168.4.0/24, are assigned to VLAN 4.
Also, these MAC addresses of clients are learnedt on VLAN4 in the MAC table.

 
 
- 3. Protocol Based VLAN
   Assign VLAN to interface base on its protocol.
Scenario:
Protocol PPPoE (0x8863 and 0x8864) are assigned to VLAN 10.

Configuration Steps:
1. Protocol groups
Create protocol groups PPPoE_Discovery(0x8863) and PPP_Session(0x8864).

 
2. Assign protocol groups to VLAN
Mapping the groups to VLAN 10(on port 3 and 4).

 
3. Allow VLAN 10 on port 3 and 4. (PVID:1 VID:1u,10t)

 
Result:
PPPoE client/server on port 3 and 4 are assigned to the VLAN 10.
How to configure MAC Based VLAN, IP Subnet Based VLAN, Protocol Based VLAN on ECIS4500 series?
 
- 1. MAC Based VLAN
Assign VLAN to interface base on client’s MAC address.
Scenario:
Client with MAC address 00-00-11-00-00-11, is assigned to VLAN 3.

 
Configuration steps:
1. Specific the MAC address of client to the VLAN 3(on port 2).


2. Allow VLAN 3 on port 2. (PVID:1 VID:1u,3t)

 
Result:
Check MAC-Based VLAN table.

Also, this MAC address is learned on VLAN3 in the MAC table if the switch receives packets from client.

 
 
- 2. IP Subnet Based VLAN
   Assign VLAN to interface base on client’s IP address/IP subnet.
Scenario:
Clients belong to IP subnet 192.168.4.0/24, are assigned to VLAN 4.

 
Configuration Steps:
1. Assign IP subnet 192.168.4.0/24 to the VLAN 4(on port 1 and 2).

 
2. Allow VLAN 4 on port 1 and 2. (PVID:1 VID:1u,4t)

 
3. Add static ARP entry for client-1 and client-2 by manual on PC.
(since ARP packet without IP header does not belong to IP packet)
  For example, in Windows OS:
  arp –s “IP address” “MAC address
 
  OR
  netsh interface ip add neighbors “name of NIC” “IP address” “MAC address
 
Command: arp –a to check the ARP table.
 
Result:
Clients belong to IP subnet 192.168.4.0/24, are assigned to VLAN 4.
Also, these MAC addresses of clients are learnedt on VLAN4 in the MAC table.

 
 
- 3. Protocol Based VLAN
   Assign VLAN to interface base on its protocol.
Scenario:
Protocol PPPoE (0x8863 and 0x8864) are assigned to VLAN 10.

Configuration Steps:
1. Protocol groups
Create protocol groups PPPoE_Discovery(0x8863) and PPP_Session(0x8864).

 
2. Assign protocol groups to VLAN
Mapping the groups to VLAN 10(on port 3 and 4).

 
3. Allow VLAN 10 on port 3 and 4. (PVID:1 VID:1u,10t)

 
Result:
PPPoE client/server on port 3 and 4 are assigned to the VLAN 10.

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